* Symbols are awarded clearing that particular dog of certain hereditary health defects.
* The symbols will be listed in front, behind, or below that dog's name.
* Other distinguishing characteristics or notes about a particular dog might also be shown above, below, or behind a dog's name.
* A dog's health clearance can also be found on the pedigree.
* Clearances are given for hip dysplasia used for determining future possible hip problems, elbow dysplasia, hearing problems and eye diseases.
Even though dogs have been tested for various health issues and the results are good or negative (that they do NOT have the health issue) on both parents of the puppy, a puppy can still have one of the health issues . Usually when all this testing has been done, there is still the risk in those bloodlines. Many vets will recommend to the breeder that if there hasn't been a history of a particular health issue(s), there would be no need for the testing. Usually when the testing is done, the cost of the pup is going to be considerably higher.
Here are some clearances you might encounter on your dog's pedigree.
OFA - Orthopedic Foundation for Animals
Ex - Excellent evaluation for hips
G - Good evaluation for hips
F - Fair evaluation for hips
HD - Dutch designations for hip radiological status
(HD-) Negative evaluation, totally clear
(HD/Tc) Intermediate evaluation
(HD+/-) Light positive
(HD+) Positive evaluation for dysplasia
CERF - Eyes are normal
BAER - Hearing Test
VWD Negative - Does not have von Willebrand's Disease
If you are still having trouble reading your puppy's pedigree, your breeder or veterinarian should be happy to help you interpret the pedigree so you can fully understand its importance.
VERY IMPORTANT INFO!
A puppy can dehydrate in as little as
Give them plenty of water and make sure they are drinking it
And if a pup starts vomiting and has diarrhea, it can get
dehydrated in as little as 6 hours.
Health In General
Health issues about puppies have come to my attention and I do want you to understand some of these issues.
I will not sell knowingly an unhealthy puppy. Each litter goes to the vet for a health exam, to get their tails docked and their dew claws removed. I do NOT perform this.
When the puppies are 2 1/2 to 3 weeks old, I take them back to the vet to be checked for parasites. At this visit, they are examined again, checked for parasites and if needed, they are treated by the vet.
When the mother weans her puppies, I start them on solid food and they are introduced to water also.
They received their first set of shots when they are weaned and not dependent on their mother. These shots are also given by the vet. A shot record is given to the new puppy owner which is issued by the vet. That way your vet can continue where mine left off. If your vet has any questions, he or she can call my vet to discuss whatever is in question.
Another issue has been brought up about little things:
When the puppies leave our home, they can come in contact with so many different things. Our puppies don't leave here if we know that there is a problem, unless the buyer wishes to take on the responsibility. If a pup or the entire litter have come down with something suddenly and I have taken the pup or pups to the vet where he has treated them, I will inform you of the situation so your vet is aware of it. Your vet can contact my vet for details. Keep in mind that when a stool sample is taken by the vet and the results are negative, the next stool sample may show positive of worms or parasites. Occasionally, vets may not find parasites but will do their best to treat a pup.
Ear mites are treatable, if the pup happens to get them, remember, dog and puppies aren't the only ones that can get ear mites. Your cat or even the friendly neighbors animals as well as horses can get them.
Common treatables that should not be considered awful that your pup might have gotten or picked up and these should not be left untreated:
Coccidia Kennel Cough- common cold Ear mites Diarrhea Worms - hook, round, tape & etc. Giardia Parasites of any kind
These are all common and treatable. These are not considered serious unless you neglect to have it treated.
Sometimes parasites may or may not show up easily. We do our best to keep out puppies in a clean environment. Our puppy's living areas are cleaned several times a day with bleach water to kill whatever parasites, we can that might be around that want to invade our puppies.
Many breeders keep their puppies in cages, boxes and in the dirt and you can't imagine what the vets find in those puppies when they leave their litter mates.
We do our best to raise healthy puppies. Once in a great while, we may have a parasite to show up before or after the pup leaves for their new home and we didn't know it. Please don't condemn us or our vet. We are doing the best we can to prevent any health issues.
Look at how many breeders give their puppies their shots and some don't even do that. How do you know for sure that is what they really gave them? Our vet does that, and you get a vet issued shot record when you get a pup from us.
I know it is more expensive to have "shots" done at my veterinarian, but it is a way that you can ensure that the vaccine is of good quality, stored properly and given correctly.
I have seen other breeders that gave all their own shots to their dog and puppies. One of the puppies came down with a disease that is generally prevented by vaccination – called Parvovirus. This brought the issues of pet owners giving their own shots to my attention.
These are not popular thoughts but none-the-less, you can be guarantee that they are honest.
What do I think of owners that want to give their own vaccines?
On one hand, I understand that they are probably doing it to save money. I understand this, I do.
But I don't agree. I think that there are times to cut corners and times not to cut corners and health care is not one of them. If a pet owner can't afford to give their pet shots – they probably can't afford that pet. They probably shouldn't have that pet.
There are several reasons that veterinarians don't recommend that owners/breeders give their own shots to their pets.
Here is a vet's thoughts on this:
One nurse wanted me to sell her shots that she could give to her dogs and cats at home. Giving shots to a person is different than giving shots to a dog. I have seen a few pet owners bitten by their pets at home when giving vaccines. This is liability that I don't want to even consider. I would NEVER give vaccines to an owner and expect them to give them at home. It is also important that the vaccine be given by the proper route. Some vaccines are to be given intramuscularly, some subcutaneously or intranasal. In cats, there are recommendations on where each vaccine is given on the body.
I actually saw one client give a vaccine (demonstrating how effective they are), entered the skin and came out on the other side of the skin – giving the vaccine on TOP of the skin. The vaccine was wasted - the pet did not effectively get the vaccine.
It is important that the vaccines be stored properly (at the proper temperature) for them to be effective. Most veterinarians feel they can guarantee what they do and how they store them but cannot make assumptions about how pet stores and/or owners store the vaccines.
If a pet is boarded, most boarding facilities will not honor home-vaccines. They cannot fully determine if the right vaccines were given at the right interval.
Consider the same thing in human medicine. Human hospitals and doctors don't distribute flu shots to owners to give themselves or each other at home. Pediatricians don't give parents vaccines to give to their children at home (even to doctors and nurses).
As with any medication or vaccination, there is always the possibility of an allergic reaction. Veterinarians are equipped to deal with this situation and most pet owners are not.
Becareful when you are searching for your puppy. These are issues you should be concerned about. Think about it carefully.
Demodex Or Red Mange
There has been an issued that has been recently brought to my attention that a pup out of one of our litters from this past Spring (2006), has been diagnosed with Demodex or commonly called Red Mange. The pups that get red mange, get it from their mother by nursing (not thru mother's milk). In a case like this, we did not know the mother had it. She showed no signs of it.
We have gotten all our dogs as young pups from another breeder. I contacted this breeder and they didn't know that her mom was a carrier of this parasite. In fact they had never received a call or report that any of the pups out of this mom from any of her litters had red mange. This was the first of them hearing about it.
It would be hard to tell if any dog had it unless the parasite becomes active. Usually the dog/pup's immune system is down, the dog/pup could have been stressed out and you wouldn't know it or from poor nutrition.
So, in this case or like all of our dogs, we would not know if they were a carrier because we do keep their immune system up.
We have only two dogs that we have kept out of our litters. All the rest of our boys and girls came from other breeders. Buster and Enoch are not related to any of our girls.The reason we have purchased dogs/puppies from other breeders, is to have different bloodlines and appearances in our puppies plus keeping the the standard of the boxer. We are trying to provide the high quality boxer for all.
As a result of what has occurred in that litter, she has been removed from our breeding. We are trying hard to stop this problem and any of our dog that we know would possibly be a carrier would be removed from our breeding. In some dogs you may not find out for a couple of litters because the immune system is kept up.
If you have any questions about this, please contact us.
The materials offered on this website are intended of educational purposes only. Weepin Oaks Boxers does not provide veterinary services or guidance. Please contact your veterinian in reguarding the care of your animals.